Illustration from the book Maqāmāt-i Harīrī written by Abū Muhammad al-Qāsim ibn Alī ibn Muhammad ibn Uthmān al-Harīrī (1054-1122).

The Diverse Processes of the Conquests of Sasanian Iran: The Example of the Region of Qom

When we use the term “Early Muslim Conquests,” we usually think of a one-way process: the Arabs taking a place with violence and causing disruption and without any cooperation from the local population. No doubt that was sometimes the case….

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