Mural Painting: Rustemiada. The Blue Hall

A Friend in Need… Part III: Sogdian converts and their response to the Umayyad poll-tax (jizya) policy

By Reza Said Huseini In the series “A Friend in Need” we examine the ability of individuals and groups in the early Islamic empire to tackle problems by using social and political relationships. Our two previous examples looked at local…

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